Itzhak Halevy: Pressure-Induced Crystal-Structure Transition in Fe-Cr Alloys
Begin: 24.04.2019, 14:10
Location: lecture room F2, first floor Ke Karlovu 5

Tomáš Mančal: Modeling of Atomic Force Microscopy Control of Single Molecule Electron Transfer
Begin: 25.04.2019, 13:00
Location: Thursday 25.4.2019 at 13:00, Ke Karlovu 5, Praha 2 in Seminar room F052

Abundance of magneto-elastic functionalities
Location: Prague

Jan Prokleška: Magnetism, magnetic phase transitions and magnetic phase diagrams
Begin: 22.05.2019, 14:10
Location: lecture room F2, first floor Ke Karlovu 5

Title: Michal Vališka: Magnetoelastic effects of the uranium-based compounds
Number: 46/18
Status: Closing date exceeded
Begin: Středa, 14.11. 2018, 14:10
Tutor: Vladimír Sechovský
Location: lecture room F2, first floor Ke Karlovu 5

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We have a pleasure to invite you to attend the joint seminar
of the Department of Condensed Matter Physics (DCMP)
and the Materials Growth and Measurement Laboratory (MGML)



Magnetoelastic effects of the uranium-based compounds

lecture given by:

Michal Vališka

Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, DCMP, Ke Karlovu 5, 12116 Prague 2, Czech Republic

The seminar takes place in the lecture room F2 
of the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Ke Karlovu 5, Praha 2
on Wednesday, 14.11. 2018 from 14:10 

Vladimír Sechovský
On behalf of the DCMP and MGML


Strong magnetoelastic coupling is common property of the U-based compounds. The strongest elastic effect is connected with the first-order (typically antiferromagnetic) transitions. These were observed in the insulating UO2[1] and in some metallic monopnictides as UAs and UP[2]. The first-order antiferromagnetic transition is rather rare among uranium intermetallics and can be observed for the limited list of compounds like UPd3[3] or UNiSn[4]. More frequent second-order type of antiferromagnetic transition can be forced to the first-order character by applied external parameters like magnetic field or hydrostatic pressure above the so called tricritical point. Such behavior was recently observed for compounds as UN[5], USb2[6], UIrSi3[7], UIrGe[8] or UAu2Si2[9]. Magnetoelastic phenomena is typically connected with the large anisotropy that is tightly bounded with the magnetic structure of the material. This intimate connection can lead to more or less significant structural distortion specially in the case when propagation of the magnetic structure (or direction of the magnetic moments) is violating the structural symmetry of the compound above the ordering temperature – as was observed in the case of UAu2Si2[9] or U4Ru7Ge6[10] and is believed to take place in the hidden-order phase of URu2Si2.

[1] P. Giannozzi and P. Erdos: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 67 (1987) 75

[2] J.-M. Fournier and R. Tróc: Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of the Actinides, ed. A. J. Freeman and G. H. Lander (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1985) Vol. II, p. 29.

[3] S. W. Zochowski, M. de Podesta, C. Lester and K. A. McEwen: Physica B 206 & 207 (1995) 489

[4] T. Akazawa, T. Suzuki, F. Nakamura, T. Fujita, T. Takabatake and H. Fujii: J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 65 (1996)

[5] K. Shrestha et al., Scientific Reports 7, 6642 (2017)

[6] R. L. Stillwell et al., Physical Review B 95, 014414 (2017)

[7] J. Valenta et al., Phys. Rev. B 97, 144423 (2018)

[8] J. Pospíšil et al., Phys. Rev. B 97, 144423 (2018)

[9] M. Vališka et al., accepted to Phys. Rev. B (2018)

[10] M. Vališka et al., Phys. Rev. B 97, 125128 (2018)

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